About Andamans :
District of Andaman is Northern Part of
Andaman & Nicobar Islands and comprises of 550 Islands, Islets
and rocks out of which only 26 are inhabited. Some of these
islands are large such as Middle Andaman, North Andaman, South
Andaman, Baratang and Little Andaman islands. The northern most
island is Landfall and southern most Little Andaman. The total
area of Andaman District is 6,408 Sq.Kms. The highest point of
the territory is also situated in this District at Diglipur.
There are four primitive tribes in Andaman District and they
have been recognised as belonging to the Negrito stock, namely
Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas and Sentinelese.
Floating in splendid isolation, east of the
Indian mainland is the archipelago of 572 emerald islands,
islets and rocks known as Andaman and Nicobar Islands. This
Union Territory is stretched over an area of more than 800 kms.
from north to south with 36 inhabited islands. Once a hill range
extending from Burma(Myanmar) to exotic flowers and birds. The
topography of the islands is hilly and abounds in evergreen
forests. The sandy beaches on the edge of meandering coastline
are fringed with coconut-palms that sway to the rhythm of the
sea. The sea around the islands offer excellent scope for water
sports. The rare flora and fauna, underwater marine life and
corals, with crystal clear water and mangrove-lined creeks,
offer a dream-view of the rare gifts of nature. The clean and
wide roads, free of filth as well as unpolluted fresh air
attract any nature-lover, who seek absolute peace and
tranquility in the lap of mother nature. Adventure tourism like
trekking, island camping, snorkeling, scuba diving etc., are the
real attractions. A visit to these islands is a memorable
Mythologically, the name Andaman was
presumed to be derived from Hanuman, who was known to the Malays
as Handuman. Since pre-historic times, these islands were the
home of aboriginal tribes. The tribes of the Andaman group of
islands are the Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas, and
Sentinalese, all of Negrito origin, while the tribes of Nicobars
are the Nicobarese and Shompens, both of Mongoloid stock. The
first settlement by the British took place in 1789, which was
later abandoned in 1796. The second settlement was basically a
penal settlement, taken up in 1858, after the First War of
Independence, followed by the settlement of convicts, Moplas,
some criminal tribes from Central and United Provinces, refugees
from erstwhile East Pakistan, Burma and Sri Lanka as well as
In these islands people of all
faiths-Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs etc., and of all
languages like Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Punjabi, Nicobari
etc., live together in complete peace and harmony.
Inter-religion and inter-regional marriages are common. This
amazing racial and cultural mix is correctly described as
Forests are the green gold of the islands.
The reserved and protected forests extend over 86% area of the
territory and the forest cover is more than 92% About 50% of the
forests has been set aside as Tribal Reserves, National Parks
and Wildlife Sanctuaries, which are inviolate. Luxuriant
mangroves, perhaps one of the riches in the world, occupy nearly
11.5% of the territory. More than 150 plant and animal species
are endemic in nature. Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is
rich in corals, varieties of coloured fishes, sea turtles etc.,
besides other marine life. It is a bird's paradise - more than
271 varieties of birds inhabit the idyllic landscape, out of
which 39 are endemic. Megapode, Swiflet, Hornbill and Nicobar,
Pigeon are some of the specialties of the Andaman and Nicobar
Entry formalities :
All foreign nationals can stay in the Andaman Islands for 30
days. This can be extended by another 15 days with permission.
The required permit can be easily obtained Free of Cost from the
Immigration counter at Port Blair Airport or Harbour upon
arrival on production of their passports containing a valid
Indian Visa. The process of immigration clearance at the Port
Blair airport take about 10 minutes. The places covered by this
permit for night halt are: SouthAndaman Island , Middle Andaman
Island and Little Andaman Island (except tribal reserve),
NeilIsland , Havelock Island , Long Island , Diglipur, &
Indian nationals need no permit to visit Andamans. However,
permits are required to visit Nicobar Islands and other tribal
areas, which are given in exceptional cases. Application on a
prescribed form may be addressed to the Deputy Commissioner,
Andaman District, Port Blair.
Clothing in andaman is tropical as the climate is..apt place
to were khadis, cottons T-shirt and shorts with right kinds of
boots light and comfortable.
DOS and Donts :
01) Confirm to and fro air tickets and
accommodation before proceeding to Andaman Islands.
02) Foreign nationals should not enter the Islands without
required permit and also should obtain permit from the
immigration authorities after landing in the islands.
03) Visit only the permitted areas in the Islands.
04) Do not enter the National parks without permission.
05) Do not enter into restricted/tribal areas. Do not take
video, film or photographs inside Tribal Reserve areas or of the
06) Do not stand on the coral reef while snorkeling/Scuba
07) While driving, follow the traffic rules, keep left. carry
legal documents like driving license, permit, passport etc.
08) Do not stay on the beaches or the forest areas during nights
by putting up own tents/hammocks.
09) Do not carry sea fans and seashells unless specific permits
are obtained from the Fisheries department.
10) Consult life guards before entering the sea. Swim in safe
11) Do not take video or film without permit, wherever such
permits are required.
12) Do not light fire in the forest areas.
13) Keep the beaches and environment clean.
14) Do not throw garbage and plastics in public places, beaches
and into the sea.
15) Do not swim after consuming liquor. Do not swim in unsafe
waters during monsoon.
16) Dispose off the garbage and plastics at proper
17) Do not collect, destroy or remove any living or dead
animal/plant. Do not hunt birds/animals.
18) Observe decency and decorum in dress.
19) Nudity on beaches and public places is forbidden.
20) For Scuba Diving avail the service of Scuba Dive
instructions having certification of international. Use the
services of professional organizations like PADI, CMAS, NAUI,
BSAC or SSI for safe diving experience.
21) Do not venture into diving with unqualified/unregistered
dive operator for the same may be dangerous to your life.
22) Other than your PASSPORT, VISA, IDENTITY CARD, make some
space for FIRST-AID KIT, TORCH, SCISSOR, NAIL CLIPPER, TORCH,
SUN SCREEN/UMBRELLA etc. in your luggage.
The Andaman & Nicobar Islands are a
veritable Garden of Eden and a naturalist's heaven. The clean
environment, roads, greenery as well as unpolluted fresh air
attract all nature lovers. The tropical rain forests and waters
of Bay of Bengal are the home of a vast collection of plant,
animal and marine life. Topographically the islands are hilly in
places fringed with coconut palm, covered with tropical jungle
and interspersed with flat stretches of crescent shaped beaches.
Adventure tourism like trekking, Island camping, snorkeling,
SCUBA diving etc. and other water sports are the real
attractions. A marvelous mix of nature's most precious delights,
the Andaman & Nicobar Islands are a once in a lifetime holiday
JOLLY BUOY ISLAND
An island in Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, it offers
a breath taking underwater view of coral and marine life. It is
an ideal place for snorkeling, sea bathing and basking on the
sun kissed beach.
RED SKIN ISLAND
Another island in Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park has a
nice beach and offers spectacular view of corals and marine
About 38 Kms. from Port Blair, this island provides idyllic
resort in the lap of virgin beach and unpolluted environment.
Camping facility is available near Radhanagar beach. A
guesthouse of Tourism Department "Dolphin Resort" is available
for the tourists.
At a distance of about 135 Kms. from Port Blair is the land
of volcano, Barren Island, the only active volcano in India. The
Island, about 3 Kms. has a big crater of the volcano, rising
abruptly from the sea, about 1/2 Km. from the shore and is about
150 fathoms deep. Can be visited on board vessels.
It has a Saw Mill lying on the tiny island connected by a
bridge over a stretch of sea-water. This Saw Mill is one of the
biggest and oldest in Asia. The main mainland -Island harbour is
also here. The other harbour is Haddo, which is nearby.
36 Kms. from Port Blair. This beautiful island with lush
green forest and sandy beaches is the vegetable bowl of Andamans.
Connected by boat from Port Blair four days a week, it provides
an ideal holiday for eco-friendly tourists. One can feel the
sincerity and serenity of village life here. Beautiful beaches
at Laxmanpur, Bharatpur, Sitapur and the bridge formation on the
sea-shore (Howra bridge) are the attractions.
82 Kms. from Port Blair. Connected by boat four times a week
from Phoenix Bay Jetty, this island offers an excellent sandy
beach at Lalaji Bay, unpolluted environment and evergreen
forests. The sea around the island is frequented by dolphin
convoys. Lalaji bay, 6 kms. away from the boat jetty, is
accessible by 15 minutes journey in dinghies or trekking through
190 Kms. by road & 90 Kms. by Sea. One can enjoy the quiet
village life and solitude of virgin nature here. You can also
breathe unpolluted air, a rare commodity for the city dweller.
Cutbert Bay beach (20 kms. away from Rangat bazar/jetty) is a
turtle nesting ground. One can view the nesting of turtles
during December – February season. One can go to Mayabunder and
Diglipur from here.
242 Kms. by road & 136 Kms. by Sea. Situated in the northern
part of Middle Andaman, Mayabunder offers excellent scenic
beauty and beautiful beaches. Inhabited by the settlers from
Burma, East Pakistan and ex- onvicts, Mayabunder has a distinct
culture. Beach at Avis Island (30 minutes boat journey from
Mayabunder), Karmatang beach (13 kms.) and mangrove lined creeks
are the attractions. Karmatang beach is also a turtle nesting
ground. One can view nesting of turtles during December-February
season. One can go to Kalighat (for Diglipur) by boat from here.
290 Kms. by road & 180 kms. by Sea. Situated in North
Andaman Island, Diglipur provides a rare experience for
eco-friendly tourists. It is famous for its oranges, rice and
marine life. Saddle Peak, 732 metres, the highest point in the
islands is nearby. Kalpong, the only river of Andaman flows from
here. The first hydroelectric project of the islands is coming
upon this river. One who comes by road from Port Blair has to
take a boat from Mayabunder to Kalighat and from there journey
by road to Diglipur (25 kms.), and from there to Kalipur (18 kms.)
for viewing, Kalipur and Lamiya bay beaches. Directorate of
Tourism provides comfortable accommodation at Turtle Resort,
Kalipur. The Water Sports Centre is near by. Those who want to
go for trekking to Saddle Peak can collect trekking equipments
on hire from Turtle Resort and start trekking from Kalipur. Ram
Nagar beach (15 kms. away from Kalighat) is famous for Turtle
nesting during December – February season. One who comes by boat
from Port Blair will reach Aerial bay jetty, which is very near
to places like Diglipur and Kalipur.
Ross and Smith, the twin islands
Joined by a bewitching sand bar, is 30
minutes away from Aerial bay jetty or Kalipur water sports
centre. One can feel the innocent beauty of village life
everywhere in Diglipur. One who prefers to be away from the
hustle and humdrum of urban life must come here to enjoy
unhurried holidays. Saddle peak is popular for trekking/nature
trail through the evergreen rain forest. Kalighat is connected
by daily two boat services from Mayabunder. Port Blair –
Diglipur (Aerial bay jetty) boat services are available twice a
LITTLE ANDAMAN ISLAND
120 kms. by sea. This island has a beautiful beach at Butler
Bay, a waterfall and plantation of oil palms. Apart from this
there are several sandy beaches all along the coastline of the
island. The break water at Hut Bay offers an excellent view to
the tourists. Little Andaman is the vegetable bowl for the
Nicobar group of islands. The Onge tribals live in this island,
so do Nicobarese apart from settlers from erstwhile East
Pakistan and other places. However entry to tribal areas is
restricted. Journey 8 hrs. by sea from Port Blair towards south.
CORBYN’S COVE BEACH
One of the most picturesque sea-beaches, it is ideal for sea
bathing and sun-basking. The Waves Restaurant, The Peerless
Resort nearby and the Hornbill Nest Guest House at a stone's
throw, provide a kaleidoscopic view of the blue water front.
Radhanagar and Vijaynagar Beach in Havelock are real exposures
of unpolluted nature for an environment lover. Vijaynagar beach
is just infront of Dolphin Yatri Niwas and Radhanagar beach is
7km away from Dolphin Yatri Niwas.
Karmatang beach, at turtle nesting ground is being developed
as tourist complex. Situated at Mayabunder, northern part of
Middle Andaman, 240 kms by road and 136 kms by boat from Port
A sandy beach situated at Diglipur Island. It is connected
by two daily boat services from Mayabunder and from Port Blair
twice a week.
Cellular Jail, located at Port Blair, stood mute witness to
the tortures meted out to the freedom fighters, who were
incarcerated in this Jail. The Jail, completed in the year 1906
acquired the name, ‘cellular’ because it is entirely made up of
individual cells for the solitary confinement of the prisoners.
It originally was a seven pronged, puce- oloured building with
central tower acting as its fulcrum and a massive structure
comprising honeycomb like corridors. The building was
subsequently damaged and presently three out of the seven prongs
are intact. The Jail, now a place of pilgrimage for all freedom
loving people, has been declared a National Memorial. The penal
settlement established in Andamans by the British after the
First War of Independence in 1857 was the beginning of the
agonising story of freedom fighters in the massive and awful
jails at Viper Island followed by the Cellular Jail. The
patriots who raised their voice against the British Raj were
sent to this Jail, where many perished. Netaji Subash Chandra
Bose hoisted the tri-colour flag to proclaim Independence on
30th December 1943 at a place near this Jail. This three-storeyed
prison, constructed by Britishers in 1906, is a pilgrimage
destination for freedom fighters. This colossal edifice has
mutely witnessed the most treacherous of inhumane atrocities
borne by the convicts, who were mostly freedom fighters. Now
dedicated to the nation as a National Memorial.
The saga of the heroic freedom struggle is
brought alive in a moving Son-et-Lumiere, shown daily inside the
jail compound at 6.00 PM (Hindi) and 7.15 PM (English). Also
there is a Museum, an Art gallery, and a Photo gallery, which
are open on all days except Monday from 9.00 AM to 12 Noon and
2.00 PM to 5.00 PM.
Ross Island, the erstwhile capital of Port Blair during the
British regime, is a tiny island standing as guard to Port Blair
harbour. The island presently houses the ruins of old buildings
like Ballroom, Chief Commissioner’s House, Govt. House, Church,
Hospital, Bakery, Press, Swimming Pool and Troop Barracks, all
in dilapidated condition, reminiscent of the old British regime.
Ever since Dr. James Pattison Walker
arrived in Port Blair aboard the East India Company’s steam
frigate ‘Senuramis’ on 10th March 1858, this island remained
under British occupation till 1942. From 1942 to 1945, the
island was under the occupation of Japanese. However, the allies
reoccupied the island in 1945 and later abandoned it. During
British occupation, this island was the seat of power of the
Britishers. It was developed into self-equipped township with
all facilities required for a civilized colony. Dr. Walker,
Chairman of the Andaman Committee, established the infamous and
the dreaded Penal Settlement with 200 convicts. The Britishers
even persuaded the aborigines to come and live in some huts at
Ross Island and even established an Andaman Home for them in
1863. Later on the services of these Andamanese were used to
catch the escaping convicts from Ross Island.The island with
historical background and preservable ruins is spread along an
area of 0.6 sq. kms. With the ruins and also with the historical
background, the Island has gained a lot of popularity among the
Ross island is open for the tourists to
visit during day time as the boat services are available from
the Phoenix Bay jetty at 8.30 AM, 10.30 AM, and 12.30 PM. Navy
has established a museum on the Island Known as ‘Smritika’
depicting the history of the Island.
The tiny, serene, beautiful island of Viper
witnessed the untold sufferings the freedom fighters had to
undergo. Dangerous convicts found guilty of violating the rules
of the Penal Settlement, were put in fetters and were forced to
work with their fetters on in this island. Freedom fighters like
Nanigopal and Nandlal Pulindas, who had resorted to hunger
strike at the Cellular Jail, were imprisoned at Viper Island.
The jail at Viper, where prisoners deported from the mainland
were confined, was built by the British under the supervision of
Major Fort. Work on the prison was started in 1867. Owing to the
working conditions, the jail earned the notorious name Viper
Chain Gang Jail.
The island derives its name from the vessel
‘Viper’ in which Lt. Archibald Blair came to the islands in 1768
with the purpose of establishing a Penal Settlement. The vessel,
it is believed, met with an accident and its wreckage was
abandoned near the island.
Gallows built on top of a hillock, visible
to all prisoners in the island, signified death. Sher Ali, the
Pathan, guilty of murdering Lord Mayo, was condemned to death
and hanged at Viper Island.
The Harbour cruise, available daily from
Phoenix Bay Jetty (at 3 PM), provides a panoramic view of
different points around the harbour and includes a trip to Viper
This museum depicts the life of the Paleolithic Islanders.
It also houses the models of the aborigines and their tools.
Closed on Mondays and holidays.
Situated near Andaman Water Sports Complex, it exhibits
species of marine life peculiar to the islands and found in the
Indo-Pacific and the Bay of Bengal. Closed on Mondays and
Situated opposite to Andaman Teal House, Delanipur this
museum is meant to create awareness on various aspects of
oceanic environment. A good collection of shells, corals and a
few species of colourful fishes found in these islands are on
Situated at Haddo (near to the Zoo), this museum offers an
insight into forest activities through scale models and displays
decorative pieces made of famous woods like Padauk, Marble,
Peauma, Gurjan, Satin Wood, etc., Open on all working days.
Chidiya Tapu is the southern most tip of South Andaman. The
lush green mangroves, forest cover with numerous chirping birds
and the Sylvan Sands and Munda pahar beaches make it an ideal
picnic site. The forest guesthouse situated on top of a hillock
provides a fabulous view of isolated islands, submerged corals
and the breath-taking sunset.
The summer headquarters of the Chief Commissioner during
British Raj, this place is an ideal for a nice and fascinating
over view of the outer islands and the sea. It is the highest
peak in the South Andamans (365 metres high). One can trek upto
Madhuban through a nature trail and can find rare endemic birds,
animals and butterflies.
PLACES OF INTEREST IN PORT BLAIR
This beautiful park at Port Blair has facilities like
amusement rides, safe water sports, nature trail around the
lake, garden, restaurant and historic remains like Japanese
Temple as well as a bunker. The erstwhile Dilthaman tank, which
was the only source of drinking water to Port Blair, and the
area around it has been developed into Gandhi Park in an
unbelievably short time of 13 days.
Sprawling over an area of 80 acres is a Government farm.
Research & Development programmes for cultivation of spices like
cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, coconut and pepper are conducted here.
Research and Demonstration farm of the Central Agricultural
Research Institute (CARI) is nearby.
Mini Zoo Situated at Haddo (Delanipur - Chatham road), it
houses some of the rare species of endemic birds and animals
found in these islands.